Match awarded

A very rare form of result, a match is awarded to one side if the opposing captain concedes defeat or if the umpires both believe that the other side is refusing to play. The umpires will investigate the latter situation and, if their opinion is confirmed, will advise the captain that the action his side is taking constitutes a refusal to play. If the captain persists, the umpires should award the match to the other side.
Only one Test Match has been decided in this way - the Oval Test of 2006 between England and Pakistan, which was awarded to England when the Pakistan team declined to take the field after tea on the fourth day.